دوره 10، شماره 3 - ( تاریخ انتشار بهار 1398 1397 )                   جلد 10 شماره 3 صفحات 60-50 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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چکیده:   (1268 مشاهده)
Reducing vulnerabilities and enhancing capacities of communities to cope with disasters could be regarded as a new model in the disaster management approach. It changes traditional passive disaster response into an active resilience-based action. This new understanding can be considered as a way of treatment to get out of the critical traditional relief assistance as well as its challenges and bottlenecks. What is resilience and how to exploit Thomas A Spragens’ four-stage methodology of crisis theory, as theoretical justification of resilience, are two questions that the present study seeks to provide response to. The findings revealed that using Spragnes’ model including observation of disorder, diagnosis, reconstructing the polis, and prescription, the resilience process can be reconsidered in the field of disaster management, in order to present a comprehensive and systematized image of its role in the novel and resilience-based disaster management to the audience by putting it into the theoretical perspective.
واژه‌های کلیدی: Resilience، Vulnerability، Crisis، Spragens، Sendai Framework، Hyogo، Yokohama
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