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:: Conflict of Interest ::
 | Post date: 2021/05/19 | 
 
Conflict of Interest
- Conflicts of interest refers to any case that interferes with, or reasonably interferes with, complete and purposeful presentation, thorough review, editing decisions, or publishing research or non-research papers submitted to the Journal of Rescue and Relief published by Applied Science Higher Education Institute.
- Conflicts of interest exist when professional judgment of primary interests (research credibility) is affected by secondary interests. There is nothing immoral about mutual benefit but it must be stated clearly. All authors must state all conflicts of interest in their accompanying letter and in the "Conflicts of Interest" section when submitting. When authors have no conflict of interest, they should state: "The author or authors declare that they have no conflict of interest with respect to the author or publication of this article." The editor may request more information in this regard.
- Editors and reviewers are also required to declare any conflict of interest, and if there is a conflict of interest, they will be excluded from the review process.
- Expressing all conflicts of interest is essential for a transparent reporting of research. Failure to declare a conflict of interest can lead to the immediate rejection of an article. If the conflict of interest is not disclosed after publication, the Applied Science Higher Education Institute will act in accordance with COPE guidelines.
- Conflicts of interest can be financial, non-financial, professional, or personal. Conflicts of interest can arise in relation to an organization or an individual.

Conflict of Financial Interests
Conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to):
- Receive a refund, expense, budget, or salary from an organization that may contribute to any kind of financial gain and loss from the publication of the article, equally now and in the future.
- Ownership of stock or inventory in an organization that may contribute to any financial gain or loss from the publication of the article, whether present or future.
- Ownership or action for patents related to the content of the article in question.
-  Receive reimbursement, expenses, budget, or salary from the organization that owns or patents the content of the article.

 
Authorship and Composition
An author is generally regarded as a person who has made a significant intellectual contribution to the publication of a research.
ICMJE's recommendation is that article or book composition can be based on the following four criteria:
1- Significant assistance in understanding or designing the intended scientific work or collecting, analyzing, or interpreting data.
2. Drafting or modifying the work in question, especially for significant intellectual content.
3. Final confirmation of released version
4. Agree on accountability for all aspects of the work to ensure that questions about the integrity or reliability of each part of the work are properly reviewed and analyzed.
In addition to answering parts of the work that the authors have completed, a writer should be able to identify which authors are responsible for what other specific parts of the work. Authors should also be sure of the integrity of the collaboration of fellow authors. All individuals selected as authors must meet all four criteria of authorship, and all those who meet these criteria must be identified as authors of the work in question.
Writing is not merely about contributing to fundraising, data collection, technical assistance, writing collaboration and overall association with the research team. Names of those who do not meet these four criteria should be mentioned in the "Acknowledgments" section.

Acknowledgments
The names of those who have contributed to the scientific work that do not meet these four criteria should be mentioned in the "Acknowledgments" section. The authors must ensure that anyone whose name is in the "gratitude" section is authorized to mention their name in the auxiliary section of the scholarly work in question.
Material and financial support must also be announced. All sources of funding and other support for the project or research concerned, including funds received from business partners, institutions and sources must be reported. Counseling and financial resources paid directly to researchers should also be mentioned. The scholarly involvement of authors or anyone else who has contributed to the preparation of the content of the article should be announced along with their source of funding, as described in the guidelines of the Writers' Association.


Author Information
Author information is published by journals to make the authors and their institutions recognizable to the scientific community. Author information is also used to retrieve data from databases and bibliographic indexes, although many databases do not include author information or complete author information. We know that some authors have first or last names or middle names and some writers do not have middle names, but some of their names or surnames have already been used in another journal as their middle name. It is a policy of journals published by the Applied Science Higher Education Institute that publishes the author's information, including his names, suffixes, and prefixes in the same manner as the responsible author. To ensure the accuracy of the author's information and to avoid any errors about the author's name, spelling, and bibliographic database names and indexes, and to minimize changes in post-publication articles, the authors of the Journal of Rescue and Relief  when submitting articles are required to review and approve a written submission that is automatically generated from the author's information. This includes how author information appears in databases such as PubMed or Scopus. Therefore, authors should record their information at the specified time of submission of the article in a way that is consistent with previous bibliographic information.
 
Author Alternations
Any changes to the authorship (i.e., arrangement, addition, and removal of authors) after initial submission must be approved by all authors. Authors must decide and agree on the order of writing among themselves. In addition, any changes must be explained to the editor. In accordance with the COPE guidelines, the Applied Science Higher Education Institute receives written confirmation from all authors that they agree to any changes to the authorship of the article being submitted or published. This confirmation must be notified directly by email to any author. It is the author's responsibility to ensure that all authors agree to the proposed changes. If there is disagreement among the authors and no satisfactory agreement is reached, the authors should contact their agencies to resolve the problem. Resolving authorship disputes is not the editor's responsibility. Change in the writing of a published article can only be corrected by the publication of a corollary.

Unique ID
ORCID is a nonprofit and community-based effort to provide a registry of unique researcher identities and a transparent way of linking research activities and results to this identifier. Scope Author ID is another unique identifier. The Journal of Rescue and Relief encourages the use of these unique identifiers to identify those who submit articles to journals or those who are selected as reviewers for review articles.

Citation
Research and non-research papers (e.g. theoretical, evaluation, and review) should have relevant and applicable texts in support of the claims presented in the article. Excessive and inappropriate self-citation or concerted effort by different authors to cite them in general is exceptionally inappropriate.
Authors should consider the following guidelines when preparing your paper:
 
- Any article in the article that relies on foreign source information should be cited. (Meaning the author's own ideas or findings are not public knowledge),
- Authors should not invoke adaptations of the original work. For example, they should cite the original article rather than a review article that cited the original article,
- Authors need to make sure that their citations are accurate (that is, they must be sure that their quotes support their statements in the article and should not misrepresent anything else that the author does not support),
- Authors should not cite sources they have not studied,
- Authors should not rely on their publications or their friends, colleagues, or institutions,
- Authors should not only cite articles from one origin or country,
- Authors should not use too many citations to prove a point,
- Authors should cite sources that have been peer-reviewed.
 
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فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی امداد و نجات Quarterly Scientific Journal of Rescue and Relief
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