Volume 11, Issue 2 (12-2019)                   jorar 2019, 11(2): 72-81 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Associate Professor, Department of Consulting, Islamic Azad University, Abhar Branch, Abhar, Iran
Abstract:   (2798 Views)
INTRODUCTION: Relief workers are among the groups that are present in the site from the very first moments of an accident or disaster and perform relief tasks. Various studies have shown that relief is one of the stressful activities due to a set of factors during a crisis. The present study was conducted with the aim to determine the effectiveness of the cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM) on happiness and quality of life (QOL) among the relief workers of the Red Crescent Society in Shemiranat, Iran.
METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study with the pre-test and post-test design with a control group, out of all relief workers of the Red Crescent Society in Shemiranat City, 30 individuals were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly divided into two equal experimental and control groups. Then, the subjects in the experimental group were placed under the effect of the independent variable (CBSM) during 20 hours (two 10-hour workshop sessions). The instruments used in the study included the Oxford Happiness and Quality of Life Questionnaires that were implemented in both groups in the pre-test and post-test stages. Finally, the data collected were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA).
FINDINGS: There was a significant difference between the pre-test and post-test scores in the two experimental and control groups in the variables of happiness and QOL.
CONCLUSION: CBSM training increased happiness and QOL among the relief workers of the Red Crescent Society.
Full-Text [PDF 332 kb]   (1885 Downloads)    
Short Reports or Letters: Research Article | Subject: Epidemic in Crisis

References
1. Welch CL, Welch DE. What do HR managers really do? HR roles on international projects. Manag Int Rev 2012; 52(4): 597-617. [DOI:10.1007/s11575-011-0126-8]
2. Nafukho FM. Capacity building through investment in people: Key to Africa's development. European Journal of Training and Development 2013; 37(7): 604-14. [DOI:10.1108/EJTD-05-2013-0064]
3. Gamerschlag R. Value relevance of human capital information. Journal of Intellectual Capital 2013; 14(2): 325-42. [DOI:10.1108/14691931311323913]
4. Wright Card R. Talent management. Trans. Goudarzi AM, Hosseini SJ. Tehran, Iran: Rasa Publications; 2014. [In Persian]
5. Dayyeri Z, Sarvghad S, Barzegar M. The relationship between coping strategies with stress, self-efficacy and psychological hardiness in relief workers of red crescent society of Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad Province. Sci J Rescue Relief 2015; 6(4): 66-75. [In Persian]
6. Van Steenbergen H, Band GP, Hommel B. In the mood for adaptation: How affect regulates conflict-driven control. Psychol Sci 2010; 21(11): 1629-34. [DOI:10.1177/0956797610385951]
7. Yaghoobi A. The study of relation between spiritual intelligence and rate of happiness in Bu-Ali University Students. Journal of Research in Educational Systems: 2010; 4(9): 85-95. [In Persian]
8. Hills P, Argyle M. Happiness, introversion-extraversion and happy introverts. Pers Individ Dif 2001; 30(4): 595-608. [DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00058-1]
9. Pelechano V, Gonzalez-Leandro P, Garcia L, Moran C. Is it possible to be too happy? Happiness, personality, and psychopathology. Int J Clin Health Psychol 2013; 13(1): 18-24. [DOI:10.1016/S1697-2600(13)70003-6]
10. Nasouhi Dehnavi M, Ahmadi SA, Abedi MR. The relationship between happiness and school factors in high school students. Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology 2004; (19): 33-50. [In Persian]
11. Car A. Positive psychology/science of happiness and human power. Trans. Pasha Sharifi H, Najafi Zand J, Sanaei B. Tehran, Iran: Sokhan Publications; 2008. [In Persian]
12. Sohbat Lo M. The effectiveness of group therapy reality therapy in quality of life in women [MSc Thesis]. Abhar, Iran: Abhar Branch, Islamic Azad University; 2012. [In Persian]
13. Herbert LJ, Clary L, Owen V, Monaghan M, Alvarez V, Streisand R. Relations among school/daycare functioning, fear of hypoglycemia and quality of life in parents of young children with type 1 diabetes. J Clin Nurs 2015; 24(9-10): 1199-209. [DOI:10.1111/jocn.12658]
14. Montagne J, Pizza W, Peters K, Eippert G, Poggiali T. The Wellness solution. J Act Aging 2002; (18): 67-81.
15. Shah R, Kulhara P, Grover S, Kumar S, Malhotra R, Tyagi S. Contribution of spirituality to quality of life in patients with residual schizophrenia. Psychiatry Res 2011; 190(2-3): 200-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2011.07.034]
16. Makvandi S, Zamani M. The survey of quality of life and its dimensions in Islamic Azad University Ahvaz Branch students in 2010. Jentashapir 2012; 2(4): 191-9. [In Persian]
17. Olia Z. Comparison of stress and its relation to
18. women's quality of life [MSc Thesis]. Tehran, Iran: University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science; 2006. [In Persian]
19. Cimete G, Gencalp NS, Keskin G. Quality of life and job satisfaction of nurses. J Nurs Care Qual 2003; 18(2): 151-8. [DOI:10.1097/00001786-200304000-00009]
20. Saeida-Ardakani S, Konjkav-Mofared A, Hakkaki SM, Mansouri M. The effect of emotional intelligence on job stress management methods. Journal of Management and Development Process 2012; 25(1): 5-26. [In Persian]
21. Linden W. Stress management: From basic science to better practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications; 2008.
22. Carrico AW, Antoni MH, Pereira DB, Fletcher MA, Klimas N, Lechner SC, et al. Cognitive behavioral stress management effects on mood, social support, and a marker of antiviral immunity are maintained up to 1 year in HIV-infected gay men. Int J Behav Med 2005; 12(4): 218-26. [DOI:10.1207/s15327558ijbm1204_2]
23. Jabbari Z. Effect of stress management on cognitive-behavioral stress on stress, anxiety and depression in pregnant women [MSc Thesis]. Zarand, Iran: Zarand Branch, Islamic Azad University; 2012. [In Persian]
24. Gavelin HM, Boraxbekk CJ, Stenlund T, Jarvholm LS, Neely AS. Effects of a process-based cognitive training intervention for patients with stress-related exhaustion. Stress 2015; 18(5): 578-88. [DOI:10.3109/10253890.2015.1064892]
25. Gardiner P, Sadikova E, Filippelli AC, Mitchell S, White LF, Saper R, et al. Stress management and relaxation techniques use among underserved inpatients in an inner city hospital. Complement Ther Med 2015; 23(3): 405-12. [DOI:10.1016/j.ctim.2015.03.006]
26. Carrico AW, Antoni MH, Duran RE, Ironson G, Penedo F, Fletcher MA, et al. Reductions in depressed mood and denial coping during cognitive behavioral stress management with HIV-Positive gay men treated with HAART. Ann Behav Med 2006; 31(2): 155-64. [DOI:10.1207/s15324796abm3102_7]
27. Lutgendorf SK, Antoni MH, Ironson G, Starr K, Costello N, Zuckerman M, et al. Changes in cognitive coping skills and social support during cognitive behavioral stress management intervention and distress outcomes in symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive gay men. Psychosom Med 1998; 60(2): 204-14. [DOI:10.1097/00006842-199803000-00017]
28. De Vente W, Kamphuis JH, Emmelkamp PM, Blonk RW. Individual and group cognitive-behavioral treatment for work-related stress complaints and sickness absence: A randomized controlled trial. J Occup Health Psychol 2008; 13(3): 214-31. [DOI:10.1037/1076-8998.13.3.214]
29. Faul LA, Jim HS, Williams C, Loftus L, Jacobsen PB. Relationship of stress management skill to psychological distress and quality of life in adults with cancer. Psychooncology 2010; 19(1): 102-9. [DOI:10.1002/pon.1547]
30. Antoni MH, Lechner SC, Kazi A, Wimberly SR, Sifre T, Urcuyo KR, et al. How stress management improves quality of life after treatment for breast cancer. J Consult Clin Psychol 2006; 74(6): [DOI:10.1037/0022-006X.74.6.1143]
32. Michalsen A, Grossman P, Lehmann N, Knoblauch NT, Paul A, Moebus S, et al. Psychological and quality-of-life outcomes from a comprehensive stress reduction and lifestyle program in patients with coronary artery disease: Results of a randomized trial. Psychother Psychosom 2005; 74(6): 344-52. [DOI:10.1159/000087781]
33. Penedo FJ, Dahn JR, Molton I, Gonzalez JS, Kinsinger D, Roos BA, et al. Cognitive-behavioral stress management improves stress-management skills and quality of life in men recovering from treatment of prostate carcinoma. Cancer 2004; 100(1): 192-200. [DOI:10.1002/cncr.11894]
34. Hosseini B, Parandin S. The effectiveness of stress management training on happiness in mothers of mental ill-students in Ilam. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Psychology and Social Sciences; 2018 July 22; Tehran, Iran. [In Persian]
35. Hasanzadeh F, Naderi F. The efficacy of stress management training on subjective well-being, job burnout and quality of life in Karoun oil company employees. Journal of Social Psychology 2017; 5(44): 45-58.
36. Aghaei O. The effectiveness of stress management training on cognitive-behavioral stress on psychological well-being and quality of life of veterans wives [MSc Thesis]. Shahroud, Iran: Shahroud Branch, Islamic Azad University; 2016. [In Persian]
37. Barkhori H, Refahi J, Farahbakhsh K. The effect of positive thinking skills into a team approach on achievement motivation, self-esteem, and happiness of the first grade students. Journal of New Approach in Educational Administration 2009; 2(5): 131-44. [In Persian]
38. Hills P, Argyle M. The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire: A compact scale for the measurement of psychological well-being. Pers Individ Dif 2002; 33(7): 1073-82. [DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(01)00213-6]
39. Jafari E, Liaghatdar MJ, Abedi MR. Happiness, and its degree of effective factors in students of the
40. Isfahan Medical Sciences University. Teb Tazkiyeh 2004; (54): 15-23. [In Persian]
41. Najafi M, Dehshiri G, Dabiri S, Sheikhi M, Jafari N. Psychometric properties of Farsi version of the oxford happiness questionnaire among college students. Training Measurement 2013; 3(10): 55-73. [In Persian]
42. Rahimi M, Khayyer M. The relationship between family communication patterns and quality of life in Shiraz high school. Studies in Education & Psychology 2009; 10(1): 5-25. [In Persian]
43. Nasiri H, Razavi A. Study of the quality of life of students in Shiraz University based on the World Health Organization's Quality of Life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF), Proceedings of the 3rd Students' Mental Health Seminar; 2006 May 3-4; Tehran, Iran. [In Persian]
44. Abniki E, Abolghasemi A, Abbasi M, Moazzez R, Jalali R. The effect of group cognitive-behavioral intervention in stress management on improved hardiness and self-control in depressed women. Clinical Psychology Studies 2015; 5(19): 99-118. [In Persian]
45. Antoni MH, Ironson GH, Schneiderman N. Cognitive-behavioral stress management for individuals living with HIV: Facilitator guide. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; 2007. [DOI:10.1093/med:psych/9780195327915.001.0001]
46. Bamber MR. CBT for occupational stress in health professionals: Introducing a schema-focused approach. London, UK: Routledge; 2006. [DOI:10.4324/9780203966037]
47. Orly S, Rivka B, Rivka E, Dorit SE. Are cognitive-behavioral interventions effective in reducing occupational stress among nurses? Appl Nurs Res 2012; 25(3): 152-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.apnr.2011.01.004]
48. Shahrani F, Mortazavi A, Asadian G, Jafar Nejad F, Abjam Z. The view of Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari Red Crescent society personnel about short-term training courses in 2008. Sci J Rescue Relief 2009; 1(2): 30-6. [In Persian]
49. Khodabakhshi-Koolaee A, Falsafinejad M, Moghaddam F, Mojarab M. Effectiveness of stress management training on life quality and occupational burnout among firefighters of Tehran. J Torbat Heydariyeh Univ Med Sci 2018; 6(1):
50. [In Persian]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.