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:: Volume 9, Issue 1 (6-2017) ::
3 2017, 9(1): 27-45 Back to browse issues page
Measures of urban development with the passive defense approach in site selecting of safety places )case study: Border city of Eslamabad-e Gharb(
Saeed Yazdani Dr
Abstract:   (1184 Views)
Background: The passive defense is one of the measures that prevent external threats to make internal vulnerabilities. In new design and architecture, it is important to pay attention to the principles of both passive and active defense in addition to the environmental and physical conditions. The importance of this issue in border regions doubled due to the specific geographical and political conditions of these areas. Now the question is “what criteria should be considered to provide security for site selecting of users?” In this regard, the purpose of this research is to prioritize the areas suitable for site selecting new residential locations or other urban infrastructures based on the identification of the effective criteria on this prioritization.
Method: In this descriptive-analytic research, data collected from library studies as well as field studies and surveys, interviews with experts and distribution of the questionnaire among experts. Then, after analyzing the current data of Eslamabad-e-Gharb by using SWOT method, effective criteria were identified in site selecting process. In the next step, criteria weighted by using AHP method and safe areas of Eslamabad-e Gharb prioritized based on the paired comparison technique.
Findings: According to the results, three criteria are the main factors affecting the process of site selecting in Eslamabad-e Gharb city such as: a) how to access the sub-criteria including the original main facilities and infrastructure; b) lack of direct aerial vision; c) the region situation with sub-criteria including uneven or smooth ground, avoiding hazardous and flooded places and away from incompatible user.
Conclusion: The results showed that the accessibility criteria and location of the range between the other metrics for selecting secure sites of this border town are more important
Keywords: urban development, passive defense, analytical hierarchical process method, borderline areas, threat
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: پژوهشی
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Yazdani S. Measures of urban development with the passive defense approach in site selecting of safety places )case study: Border city of Eslamabad-e Gharb( . 3. 2017; 9 (1) :27-45
URL: http://jorar.ir/article-1-304-en.html

Volume 9, Issue 1 (6-2017) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی امداد و نجات Quarterly Scientific Journal of Rescue and Relief
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