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:: Volume 3, Issue 1 And 2 (4-2011) ::
3 2011, 3(1 And 2): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
Interventional approaches in order to reduce injuries from car accidents
GH Kheirabadi *, J Bolhari
Abstract:   (2052 Views)

Background: Damages and injuries, which are about 12% of all kinds of diseases, are the third important reason of fatality in the age of 1 to 40 that mostly results from traffic accidents. According to World Health Organization data, 25 percent of total mortality belongs to death in roads. This study aims to study and to review all current approaches in order to reduce mortality of road accidents.
Methods: In this review article, all relevant studies were searched and studied by using Medline and Cochrane library databank in1990-2009 and also some Persian papers with key words such as road injuries, road accident, driving behavior, effective human factors related to road accidents, psychology of accidents, and interventional approaches.
Findings: The necessary interventions summarized in the four categories: 1) the emphasis on rules implementation and support; 2) providing coordination between drivers, vehicles and executives; 3) strengthening the infrastructure, information and management systems; 4) communication, public participation and education
Conclusion: Attempt to organize multi-dimensional approaches depends on effective factors in accidents regarding the cultural, social and psychological states in the region.
Effective intervention arises from a conceptual understanding of all factors involved in driving. Complex issues should be taken into consideration comprehensively. So, a detailed theoretical fr amework should be provided in order to design the necessary interventions. For this reason, the available instructions for the involved actors in controlling traffic accidents require public cooperation and collaboration.

Keywords: road, driver, driving, accident, injury
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: پژوهشی
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Kheirabadi G, Bolhari J. Interventional approaches in order to reduce injuries from car accidents . 3. 2011; 3 (1 and 2)
URL: http://jorar.ir/article-1-95-en.html


Volume 3, Issue 1 And 2 (4-2011) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی امداد و نجات Quarterly Scientific Journal of Rescue and Relief
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