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:: Volume 13, Issue 1 (3-2021) ::
jorar 2021, 13(1): 16-30 Back to browse issues page
Thresholds of Environmental Physical Resilience of Tehran Metropolis
Ismail Abdoli, Manijeh Ghahroudi Tali , Jamileh TavakoliNia
Geomorphology, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (282 Views)
INTRODUCTION: The structure of the urban platform of Tehran and its physical characteristics depends on the inherent conditions and environmental thresholds in relation to changes. This study aimed to determine the natural landscapes of Tehran by two phenomena of earthquake and flood that posed the highest risk in different periods of this city. Therefore, the natural perspective of Tehran is divided into three perspectives of north, central, and south regarding the inherent features and evolutionary process.
METHODS: The relationship between the perspective of Tehran based on the form and geomorphological processes and the evaluation of earthquake and flood hazards have been observed in four stages, which included data collection, data processing, calculation of indicators, and analysis of findings. The studied area was divided into three northern, central, and south urban landscapes to determine the resistance thresholds of the city according to the characteristics of topography, physiography, geology, the results of field studies and satellite images, aerial photographs, as well as paleogeomorphological research in Tehran.
FINDINGS: According to the zoning map of Tehran based on the earthquake phenomenon in three perspectives of north, center, and south, the highest distribution of non-resistance is observed in the northern and southern areas of the city. Northeast, southwest, and semi-western regions have the highest urban resilience to earthquakes.
Moreover, regarding the zoning of Tehran based on the flood phenomenon in the three perspectives of north, center, and south, the highest distribution of non-resilience has been observed in the northern regions of the city. Northeast, southwest, and west of Tehran have the highest urban flood resilience.
CONCLUSION: Based on the results of the present study, in order to increase resilience against the risks of earthquakes and floods, the city of Tehran should be studied not in just one perspective but in different perspectives.
Keywords: Tehran, urban landscape, earthquake, flood, resilience
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Short Reports or Letters: Research Article | Subject: تاب آوری
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Abdoli I, Ghahroudi Tali M, TavakoliNia J. Thresholds of Environmental Physical Resilience of Tehran Metropolis. jorar. 2021; 13 (1) :16-30
URL: http://jorar.ir/article-1-672-en.html


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Volume 13, Issue 1 (3-2021) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی امداد و نجات Quarterly Scientific Journal of Rescue and Relief
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