دوره 10، شماره 3 - ( تاریخ انتشار بهار 1398 1397 )                   جلد 10 شماره 3 صفحات 21-15 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

XML English Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Eyvazi A, Noorbala A, Taghavi soorebargh J. Study of Psychological Disorders after Bam Earthquake in Bam and Kerman Cities, Iran. jorar 2018; 10 (3) :15-21
URL: http://jorar.ir/article-1-385-fa.html
عیوضی علیرضا، نوربالا احمدعلی، تقوی سوره برق جواد. Study of Psychological Disorders after Bam Earthquake in Bam and Kerman Cities, Iran. فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی امداد و نجات 1397; 10 (3) :21-15

URL: http://jorar.ir/article-1-385-fa.html

چکیده:   (1339 مشاهده)
Introduction: The present study compared psychological disorders after the Bam earthquake in Bam and Kerman, Iran.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 422 people (205 in Kerman and 217 in Bam) using stratified random cluster‎ sampling in the three age groups of adolescents, adults, and elderly people. The Symptom Checklist-90-Revised ‎(SCL-90-R) and a Personal information questionnaire were used to collect data.
Findings: The analytical statistics from the mean total score of discomfort in the respondents in Bam and Kerman were compared separately in the 9 dimensions. According to the results presented in tables and charts, of the 9 dimensions of symptoms, obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, violence, phobia, and psychosis were significantly higher in Bam compared to Kerman. Moreover, only the dimension of paranoia was not significant in the respondents in both cities. Furthermore, based on the comparisons, there was a ‎significant difference in the mean discomfort, total ‎Global Severity Index (GSI), and Positive Symptoms Total (PST) between the two cities. However, ‎the difference in the Positive Symptom Distress Index (PSDI) was not significant.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the Bam earthquake has increased psychological disorders in Bam city; thus, it is necessary to reduce the effects of these disorders in order to reduce the urgency of treatment in survivors.
واژه‌های کلیدی: Bam، Kerman، Psychological Disorders، Earthquake
متن کامل [PDF 284 kb]   (971 دریافت)    
گزارش کوتاه یا نامه ها : پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: اپیدمی در بحران ها

فهرست منابع
1. Ganji H. Mental health. Tehran, Iran: Arasbaran Publications; 2005. [In Persian]
2. Mohr W, Cornwell CJ. Study guide to accompany Johnson's psychiatric mental health nursing. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.
3. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of psychiatric disorders (DSM-5), Trans. Yans AH, Arab Qehestani D, Hashemi Minabad H. Tehran, Iran: Roshd Publications; 2014. [In Persian]
4. Mohammadi F, Dabbaghi F, Nikravesh M. Facilitator and barriers factors in family caregiving process of Iranian frail elderly: Qualitative study. Iran J Nurs 2008; 21(55): 55-65. [In Persian]
5. United Nations. Office for the coordination of humanitarian affairs (OCHA IN) 2002 [Online]. [cited 2002]; Available from: URL: https://www.unocha.org/sites/unocha/files/OCHAin2002_0.pdf
6. Mohaddesi H. Iran land disaster and search for rescue. Journal of Iran Perspective 2012; (72): 10-6. [In Persian]
7. Beumer C. Social cohesion in a sustainable urban neighborhood. Proceedings of the 2nd Annual SUN Colloquium; 2010 June; Maastricht, the Netherlands.
8. Soltani SR, Monavari SM, Salman Mahiny A. Urban land use management, based on GIS and multicriteria assessment (Case study: Tehran Province, Iran). Proceedings of the International Conference on Multimedia Technology: (ICMT 2011); 2011 July 26-28; Hangzhou, China. [DOI:10.1109/ICMT.2011.6001730]
9. Abdolahzadeh Maleki S, Khanloo N. Explaining social empowerment in order to rescue local communities against the crisis (earthquake). Proceedings of the 1st International Conference of Iranian Natural Hazards and Environmental Crises; 2016 Sep. 13; Ardabil, Iran. [In Persian]
10. Mansouri B, Fatemi Aghda M, Safari H. Natural Disaster Research Center of Iran. International Institute for Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (Iran). Tehran, Iran: Natural Disaster Center of Iran. 2008.
11. Alihan MA. Social ecology: A critical analysis. New York, NY: Columbia University Press; 1938. [DOI:10.7312/alih92838]
12. Berke PR, Kartez J, Wenger D. Recovery after disaster: Achieving sustainable development, mitigation and equity. Disasters 1993; 17(2): 93-109. [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-7717.1993.tb01137.x]
13. Desjarlais R, Eisenberg L, Good B, Kleinman A. World mental health: Problems and priorities in low-income countries. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; 1995.
14. Okuyama Y, Santos JR. Disaster impact and input-output analysis. Econ Syst Res 2014; 26(1): 1-12. [DOI:10.1080/09535314.2013.871505]
15. Helgeson VS, Cohen S. Social support and adjustment to cancer: Reconciling descriptive, correlational, and intervention research. Health Psychol 1996; 15(2): 135-48. [DOI:10.1037/0278-6133.15.2.135]
16. Simons M. Metacognitive therapy and other cognitive-behavioral treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder. Verhaltenstherapie 2010; 20: 86-92. [DOI:10.1159/000286699]
17. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Pub; 2013. [DOI:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596]
18. Khosrojavid M, Aslipoor A, Firoozshad M, Hedaiatsafa R. Effect of pre-marriage skills training on communication and problem solving skills in martyr's-and veteran's daughters. Tebe-E-Janbaz 2015; 7(4): 189-96. [In Persian]
19. Pillar G, Harder L, Malhtra A. Trauma, and posttraumatic stress disorder. In: Lee-Chiong T, Editor. Sleep: A Comprehensive Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons; 2005. p. 857-66. [DOI:10.1002/0471751723.ch112]
20. Halgin RP, Whitbourne SK. Abnormal psychology: Clinical perspectives on psychological disorders. Trans. Mohammadi SY. Tehran, Iran: Ravan Publications; 2005. p. 237-8
21. Derogatis LR. SCL-90-R: Administration, scoring and procedures manual. Baltimore, MD: Clinical Psychometric Research; 1977.
22. Ismaili G, Biabangard E. Research method. Tehran, Iran: Sanjesh Publications; 2002. p. 168. [In Persian].
23. Mohammadi M, Bagheri Yazdi S, Rahgozar M, Mesgarpour B, Hoseinifakhr G, Bargesteh H, et al . The Epidemiology of Psychiatric Disorders in Kerman Province (Year 2001). Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences 2005; 4 (3): 136-45.
24. Basoglu M, Kilic C, Salcioglu E, Livanou M. Prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder and comorbid depression in earthquake survivors in Turkey: An epidemiological study. J Trauma Stress 2004; 17(2): 133-41. [DOI:10.1023/B:JOTS.0000022619.31615.e8]
25. Groome D, Soureti A. Post-traumatic stress disorder and anxiety symptoms in children exposed to the 1999 Greek earthquake. Br J Psychol 2004; 95(Pt 3): 387-97. [DOI:10.1348/0007126041528149]
26. Goenjian AK, Najarian LM, Pynoos RS, Steinberg
27. AM, Manoukian G, Tavosian A, et al. Posttraumatic stress disorder in elderly and younger adults after the 1988 earthquake in Armenia. Am J Psychiatry 1994; 151(6): 895-901. [DOI:10.1176/ajp.151.6.895]
28. Goenjian AK, Steinberg AM, Najarian LM, Fairbanks LA, Tashjian M, Pynoos RS. Prospective study of posttraumatic stress, anxiety, and depressive reactions after earthquake and political violence. Am J Psychiatry 2000; 157(6): 911-6. [DOI:10.1176/appi.ajp.157.6.911]
29. Mollaei M, Jani S, Aliloo MM, Pour Esmaeili A. The effectiveness of religion-based cognitive therapy on reducing the psychological symptoms of cancer patients. Ravanshenasi Va Din 2015; 8(1): 85-98. [In Persian]
30. Kiani J, Pakizeh A, Ostovar A, Namazi S. Effectiveness of cognitive behavioral group therapy (C.B.G.T) in increasing the self-esteem & decreasing the hopelessness of β-thalassemic adolescents. Iran South Med J 2010; 13(4): 241-52. [In Persian].
31. Lotfi Kashani F, Mojtabai M, Alimehdi M. Comparison of the effectiveness of cognitive-behavior therapy, methadone therapy, and the combination method on reducing depression in addicts. Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology 2014; 14(54): 18-25. [In Persian]
32. Moritz SE, Feltz DL, Fahrbach KR, Mack DE. The relation of self-efficacy measures to sport performance: a meta-analytic review. Res Q Exerc Sport 2000; 71(3): 280-94. [DOI:10.1080/02701367.2000.10608908]
33. Golestaneh SM, Pirmardvand Chegini S, Mousavi Nejad SM. Association between mental health and PTSD with mediating role of personality traits in earthquake victims of Bushehr. Iran South Med J 2016; 19(5): 855-70. [In Persian] [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.ismj.19.5.855]
34. Moradi M, Fathi D. Effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy on life expectancy and spiritual health of grieved students. Journal of Psychological Studies 2016; 12(3): 63-82. [In Persian]
35. Hofmann SG, Wu JQ, Boettcher H. Effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders on quality of life: A meta-analysis. J Consult Clin Psychol 2014; 82(3): 375-91. [DOI:10.1037/a0035491]

ارسال نظر درباره این مقاله : نام کاربری یا پست الکترونیک شما:

ارسال پیام به نویسنده مسئول

بازنشر اطلاعات
Creative Commons License این مقاله تحت شرایط Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License قابل بازنشر است.

کلیه حقوق این وب سایت متعلق به پایگاه عمومی نشریات یکتاوب می باشد.

طراحی و برنامه نویسی : یکتاوب افزار شرق

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | http://www.journalsystem.ir/demo5

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb