Volume 10, Issue 3 (10-2018)                   jorar 2018, 10(3): 42-49 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

abbasi H, Sharafi S, maryanaji Z. Assessment of areas vulnerable to natural hazards (Case study: Rural areas CountyAzna). jorar. 2018; 10 (3) :42-49
URL: http://jorar.ir/article-1-427-en.html
restan University
Abstract:   (1276 Views)
BACKGROUND: Rural areas, usually when compared to other natural events, have the greatest vulnerability of human settlements. The aim of this study was to evaluate natural hazards as earthquakes, landslides, floods and identify high-risk zone in relation to the rural areas of the central township of Azna County, Iran.
METHODS: Topographic and geology maps, elevation digital model, and seismic and meteorological data along with field studies to investigate the location of villages in terms of natural hazards of earthquakes, landslides, and flood were used. Then, effective factors were identified in each of the hazards, and grouped in separate layers. The Arc GIS software was used to develop and integrate maps; AHP model and paired comparison method were used to weight effective factors in expecting any of the natural hazards, and to compare the criteria one by one; fuzzy logic model was used to standardize the layers in Arc GIS software; and the overlay model index was used to integrate final layers of natural hazards and determine high-risk zones.
RESULTS: 49 percent of villages in privacy due to the major and minor faults were in the zone of high earthquake risk. The risk of landslides in areas where rural areas were based, due to the low gradient very low and only 10% of the villages are at risk of landslides. 14% of the villages in the privacy due to the major rivers, flood risk and the risk of flooding is very high. Prioritization of rural areas in terms of natural hazards by using AHP model shows that the 8 villages were located in high-risk areas.
CONCLUSION: Providing maps of potential natural hazards can be helpful in crisis management and identification of the high-risk settlements.
Full-Text [PDF 2394 kb]   (843 Downloads)    
Short Reports or Letters: Research Article | Subject: اپیدمی در بحران ها

References
1. Pareyshan M. Reducing natural hazards vulnerability (earthquake) using risk management approach (case study: Rural areas of Qazvin province) [PhD Thesis]. Tehran, Iran: Tarbiat Moddares University; 2011. p.318. [In Persian]
2. Pourtaheri M, Einali J, Eftekhari AR. Capacity building role in reducing natural disasters (earthquake) in rural areas (case study: Earthquake-stricken regions of Khodabandeh district). Geographical Research Quarterly 2011; 42(74):
3. [In Persian]
4. Montz BE, Tobin GA. Natural hazards: An evolving tradition in applied geography. Appl Geogr 2011; 31(1): 1-4. [DOI:10.1016/j.apgeog.2010.06.005]
5. Riyahi V, Zamani L. Flooding causes in rural areas (case study: Sarvabad county villages). Journal of Regional Planning 2015; 5(17): 91-102. [In Persian]
6. Faraji-Sabokbar H, Badri SA, Abbasi Varaki R, Abbasi Varaki E. Spatial analysis of natural hazards effects in rural areas using the model of main components of geographic weights (Case study: Alamut basin of Qazvin). Geography and Environmental Hazards 2014; 3(10): 111-28.
7. [In Persian]
8. Alcantara-Ayala I. Geomorphology, natural hazards, vulnerability and prevention of natural disasters in developing countries. Geomorphology 2002; 47(2): 107-24. [DOI:10.1016/S0169-555X(02)00083-1]
9. Charvériat C. Natural disasters in Latin America
10. and the Caribbean: An overview of risk. Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank; 2000.
11. Yamani M, Moradipour F. Estimation of the potential three earthquakes, flood, and landslide hazards in the west of the country using taxonomic analysis. Applied Geomorphology of Iran 2013; 1(1): 15-26. [In Persian]
12. Pourtaheri M, Sojasi Qidari H, Sadeghloo T. Comparative assessment of ranking methods for natural disasters in rural regions (case study: Zanjan province). Quarterly Journal of Rural Research 2011; 2(3): 31-54. [In Persian]
13. Souri S, Lashkaripour G, Ghafouri M, Farhadinejad T. Landslide hazard zonation using artificial neural networks A case study: Keshvari watershed (Nozhiyan). Journal of Engineering Geology 2012; 5(2): 1269-86. [In Persian]
14. Samadzadeh R, Ranjbar M. The Geomorphological Hazards of Maku Depression Valley. Geography 2010; 8(24): 159-77. [In Persian]
15. Rashidi M, Rameshat MH, Safe A, Gharib H. Disaster management in order to offset losses caused by the earthquake. Sci J Rescue Relief 2011; 3(1-2): 40-7. [In Persian]
16. Negaresh H, Yari Y. Analysis of environmental and natural hazards and risk management of Lorestan province. Geography and Environmental Hazards 2013; 2(5): 107-26. [In Persian]
17. Habibi A, Gharibreza MR. Zoning of potential flood risk in rural settlements using TOPSIS-AHP model (case study: Shoor river, Boushehr province). Journal of Geographic Space: 2016; 15(52): 55-73. [In Persian]
18. Britton NR. Developing an understanding of disaster. J Sociol 1986; 22(2): 254-71. [DOI:10.1177/144078338602200206]
19. Smith K. Environmental Hazards: Assessing risk and reducing disaster. London, UK: Routledge; 2013. [DOI:10.4324/9780203805305]
20. Solheim A, Bhasin R, De Blasio FV, Blikra LH, Boyle S, Braathen A, et al. International Centre for Geohazards (ICG): Assessment, prevention and mitigation of Geohazards. Norwegian Journal of Geology/Norsk Geologisk Forening 2005; 85: 45.
21. Ahmadnejad R, Karim M, Zelfi J. Optimal location of temporary accommodation of earthquake victims in urban areas using multi-criteria and GIS methods, Case study of Zanjan city. Journal of Applied Geosciences Research 2011; 11(23): 45-61.
22. Birkmann J, Wisner B. Measuring the un-measurable: The challenge of vulnerability. Bonn, Germany: UNU EHS; 2006.
23. Farhadinejad T, Soori S, Amiri V, Ahmadian Moghaddam R. Remote sensing data assessment to identify the landslide zones (case study: Southeast of Khorramabad). Journal of RS and GIS for Natural Resources 2012; 3(2): 16-26. [In Persian]
24. Fazelnia G, Hakimdoust SY, Yarmohamadi M. Natural disaster risk zoning in rural areas using GIS with emphasis on landslides factor (Case Study: Dohezar Dehestan of Tonekabon County). Journal of Research and Rural Planning 2015; 4(2): 11-20.
25. [In Persian]
26. Sadeghloo T, Sajasi Gidari H. Flood risk management strategies in rural areas with SWOC-TOPSIS model (case study of Ghareh Chay river basin of Ramayan). Geography and environmental hazards. Geography and Environmental Hazards 2014; 3(12): 105-28. [In Persian]
27. Nasrinnejad N, Rangzan K, Kalantari N, Saberi A. Flood hazard potential zonation of Baghan watershed using fuzzy analytic hierarchy process method (FAHP). Journal of RS and GIS for Natural Resources 2015; 5(4): 15-34. [In Persian]
28. Salahshouri P, Vafaeinezhad AR. Change detection of Karkheh river floodplains of the Karkheh dam reservoir using remote sensing and GIS. Journal of RS and GIS for Natural Resources 2012; 3(3):
29. [In Persian]
30. Zangiabadi A, Tabrizi N. Vulnerability assessment for a hypothetical earthquake in Tehran. Geographical Research Quarterly: 2006; 38(56): 115-30. [In Persian]
31. Sharafi S. Identification of gas stations at risk of natural disasters using remote sensing techniques and GIS [Project]. Khorramabad, Iran: Gas Company of Lorestan Province; 2011. p.217. [In Persian]
32. Mokhtari D. Vulnerability of settlements along the lines of fault lines and rural development. Housing and Rural Environment 2000; 91(1): 70-3.
33. Taheri Mashhadi H. The role of flood risk assessment in flood management-Case study: Lavasan city. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Integrated Natural Disaster Management; 2006 Feb. 13-15; Tehran, Iran. [In Persian]
34. Alavi A, Ramezanzadeh Y, Fatahi AA, Khalifeh E. Spatial zone of rural settlements expose to environmental disasters by using multi-criteria decision-making techniques vikor (case study: Talesh county). Journal of Regional Planning: 2016; 5(20): 125-36. [In Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | http://www.journalsystem.ir/demo5

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb