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:: Volume 9, Issue 1 (4-2017) ::
3 2017, 9(1): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
Planning of passive defence in locating secure places using (AHP) method, Case study: The Border City of Islamabad Gharb
Saeed Yazdani Dr
Abstract:   (440 Views)
Background: In the modern design and architecture besides taking the environmental and physical conditions into consideration, noting the principles of defense, whether active or passive, is of significance. The significance of this issue in the border regions become multiplied by noting the specific geographical and political conditions of these regions. In alignment with this issue, by assuming that controlling the damages which are inflicted on these regions needs a different attitude toward the design and the configuration of the space in times of crisis and specifically in times of military crises, the purpose of this research is prioritizing among proper regions for locating new residential areas and/or other urban substructures according to the identification of the factors influencing this prioritization.
Method: According to the framework of analytical- descriptive research methodology, in the phase of gathering information and primary data,  library and field studies, interview with clear sighted people and also distribution of questionnaire between experts related to this subject, has been used. At last, after analyzing information of Islamabad Gharb Current situation by SWOT method, main effective criterion in locating of this city has been adopted. In the next phase, safe bounds of Islamabad Gharb have been prioritized, by weighing of these criteria by using AHP method and pair comparison techniques.
Results: The findings show that there are three criteria as main effective case in prosses of locating Islamabad Gharb city. These criteria consist of: 1) How to access the sub criteria: the main roads, the facilities; 2) Lack of direct air vision; 3) Region position with sub- criteria: topography, avoidance of hazardous areas and flood, Avoidance of in compatible uses.
Conclusion: The results show that access and region position among all criteria of locating safe places of this boundary city has the most effect and importance.
Keywords: urbanism, passive defense, analytical hierarchical process method, borderline areas, threat
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: پژوهشی
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Yazdani S. Planning of passive defence in locating secure places using (AHP) method, Case study: The Border City of Islamabad Gharb. 3. 2017; 9 (1)
URL: http://jorar.ir/article-1-304-en.html

Volume 9, Issue 1 (4-2017) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی امداد و نجات Quarterly Scientific Journal of Rescue and Relief
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