Volume 16, Issue 1 (1-2024)                   jorar 2024, 16(1): 49-58 | Back to browse issues page


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Pourrahmat S S, Alipour Darvishi Z, Azadfada S, Hojjat S. Presenting a Model for Dealing with Vandalism in Sports Environments in Iran. jorar 2024; 16 (1) :49-58
URL: http://jorar.ir/article-1-932-en.html
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
Abstract:   (317 Views)
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this research is to provide a model for dealing with vandalism in sports environments in Iran.
METHODS: In this qualitative approach, grounded theory method was used. About 15 people were selected and studied including journalists, experts, sports managers and faculty members in the field of sport and sociology by using purposeful sampling based on the theoretical saturation. The data collected using semi-structured interview and analyzed in three stages of open, central and selective coding through Maxqda-2020 software.
FINDINGS: According to the findings, causal conditions have 3 main categories including cultural and social contexts and psychological fields, and 8 subcategories. The background conditions have 6 main categories such as sense of anomie, improper government performance, weak management, marginalization in the media, feelings of anger and frustration in the spectators and external factors, and 15 subcategories. The intervening conditions also have 4 main categories including managerial and technical factors, political and regulatory factors, legal and team performance and teams’ behavior, and 11 subcategories. Also, the strategies include 6 main categories and 18 subcategories, and finally, the consequences include 5 main categories and 14 subcategories.
CONCLUSION: The results show that sports and sports environments have not been as effective as they should be, therefore, sports planners and policy makers must take measures in an expert, codified and continuous manner to control and reduce this phenomenon.
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