دوره 11، شماره 2 - ( 9-1398 )                   جلد 11 شماره 2 صفحات 137-129 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Mobaraki O, Aminpour R. The evalution of city vulnerability with the passive deffence approach (Case Study: Mahabad city). jorar. 2019; 11 (2) :129-137
URL: http://jorar.ir/article-1-383-fa.html
مبارکی امید، امین پور رضا. An Evaluation of City Vulnerability Based on the Passive Defense Approach A Case Study on Mahabad City, Iran. فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی امداد و نجات. 1398; 11 (2) :137-129

URL: http://jorar.ir/article-1-383-fa.html


دانشگاه مراغه
چکیده:   (1064 مشاهده)
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, due to population growth and resource constraints, cities are more vulnerable towards the crisis. Reducing the vulnerability of urban land use, with utilizing new approaches of crisis management such as passive defense, can be useful in creating a secure environment in cities. This is of the most important goals, planners and city managers are going to implement in cities; and how to deal with natural disasters, is of the major concerns of societies. This study aimed to evaluate city vulnerability in Mahabad City, Iran, based on the passive defense approach.
METHODS: In this applied descriptive-analytical research, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) model was used to analyze the data, and Geographic Information System (GIS) software was used to draw the maps. Then, to clarify the positive and negative features, or the opportunities and the threats, the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) technique was applied.
FINDINGS: Based on the AHP model, the highest records were given to vital factors such as networks, fuel storage, water, and electricity, while the lowest records were given to higher education centers. Moreover, based on the SWOT analysis, the most important weaknesses of Mahabad City were as the compact and dense texture of the city, the low width of the most of the passageways, and the aggregation of major activities in the city center.
CONCLUSION: Research results show that in Mahabad City, there is no comprehensive plan to secure citizens. Urban planning by relevant institutions and administrative councils does not fit the physical and human components of the city.
واژه‌های کلیدی: Assessment، Vulnerability، Passive Defense، Iran
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